History and Legend:
Sapphire is the non-red variety of corundum. Corundum is the crystalline form of aluminum oxide and is naturally clear. Transparent types are used as gems, with the exception of red forms (rubies), they are called sapphire. Second only to diamonds in hardness, high-quality sapphires are rare and can be found in Burma, India, Africa, Australia, Brazil, Thailand, Vietnam and Sri Lanka. Sapphire is the birthstone for the month of September. According to ancient folklore, it holds the power to bring spiritual enlightenment and inner peace to its wearer. It is also one of the birthstones for each of the following zodiac signs: Virgo, Pisces, Taurus and Sagittarius.
In the world of folklore, sapphire is said to have healing properties for colic and rheumatism. It is also believed to aid in the healing of certain mental illnesses. Sapphire is considered an antidepressant as well as an aid to telepathy and clairvoyance. It is fashioned into earrings, pendants, bracelets, cuff links, chains and rings. Sapphire is also sold "as is," in a variety of shapes and sizes and colors.
Sapphire comes in different shades of blue as well as yellow, pink, orange, brown, purple, and green; it can also be colorless. The intense blue color may be produced from very high temperatures, while the natural "cashmere-color," found only in Thailand and Australia, is the most valuable shade. This color is generally a rich royal blue to deep cornflower blue. Color-changing sapphire, which exhibits different colors in different light, is also very rare. Color changing sapphire is violet in artificial light and blue in natural light. Another rare color sapphire is "padparadscha." This is an orange-pink variety that is higher in value than sapphire.
3.5 cts. from Brazil